The Republic of Indonesia has over 17,000 equatorial islands. From prehistoric times timber ships have enabled communications, transport, fishing and livelihoods. The tradition of boat building was developed and continued in South Sulawesi by the Makassarese and Bugis people. Pinisi refers to the ketch type rig on sailing craft built from 1900.
The UNESCO Unique Cultural Heritage Committee voted to include the ‘art of boat building in South Sulawesi’ as part of the world’s Intangible Cultural Heritage,
Padewakang craft with lateen sails were built in South Sulawesi and sailed throughout the Indonesian islands and to Australia, Philippines, Malay peninsular, New Guinea from 16th to early 20th century.