Morecambe Bay

Morecambe Bay has long been a home of gaffer fishing boats.

Arnside in Cumbria, historically part of Westmorland, has a long history of boat building by the Crossfield family.

Francis John Crossfield built his first boat in 1838. By 1851 the family employed 3 people boat building. By 1885 when Francis John had retired, five Crossfield brothers were running the business. The boats were designed by William Crossfield and 5 boats were built each year. Crossfield built 10 boats in 1896 for a total of 70 boats in 13 years. W Crossfield & Sons closed after the second world war.

Reference: The Lancashire Nobby by Nick Miller


England South


Fifies are a traditional fishing vessel from the east coast of Scotland.  They were used to fish for herring with drift nets. They were made form 1850 until the 20th Century.


The Republic of Indonesia has over 17,000 equatorial islands. From prehistoric times timber ships have enabled communications, transport, fishing and livelihoods. The tradition of boat building was developed and continued in South Sulawesi by the Makassarese and Bugis people. Pinisi refers to the ketch type rig on sailing craft built from 1900.

The UNESCO Unique Cultural Heritage Committee voted to include the ‘art of boat building in South Sulawesi’ as part of the world’s Intangible Cultural Heritage.


Padewakang craft with lateen sails were built in South Sulawesi and sailed throughout the Indonesian islands and to Australia, Philippines, Malay peninsular, New Guinea from 16th to early 20th century.